DRACO

| DRACO Chart | Midnight Culmination | Skylore | Description | Special Stars |
| Discussed in these Shows |

Constellation Data

  • Name: DRACO
  • Translation: Dragon
  • Abbreviation: Dra
  • Genitive: Draconis
  • Size: 8
  • Regions: Circumpolar
  • RA: 15 hours
  • Decl: +65 degrees
  • Season: Anytime
  • Midnight Culmination: May 24
  • Pages where DRACO is discussed in Chet Raymo's 365 Starry Nights: 158



What is the Genitive form?
What is Right Ascension (RA)?
Is this constellation ever visible from my latitude? What is Declination?

Where should I look for a constellation on a date before or after its midnight culmination? What is Midnight Culmination?

Skylore

To the Babylonians, Draco was Tiamat, a dragon killed by the sun god in the creation of the world.

To the Greeks, Draco guarded the Golden Apples of the Sun in a magical garden.

Description

Draco is the 8th largest constellation, occupying over 1,000 square degrees in the sky as it winds from the Pointers of Ursa Minor nearly to Vega in Lyra. Yet it has no bright stars.

[star chart]


Star chart created with Voyager II Software for Macintosh, published by Carina Software. This is just a taste of what Voyager can do! For info on Voyager II software, call Carina Software at (510) 355-1266, write them at 12919 Alcosta Blvd Suite #7, San Ramon, CA 94583, or visit Carina Software's home page and check out Voyager II for yourself.

Special Stars

Gamma-Draconis, or Eltanin, is the brightest star of Draco, magnitude 2.2. Eltanin is part of Draco's head. It is famous for being the star observed by the 18th-century English astronomer James Bradley when he was trying to detect parallax and so calculate the distance. No parallax was observed (the stars are too far away to be measured in that manner), but during the course of a year, the position of Gamma-Draconis in his telescope moved around in a tiny circle. This was not parallax, but what was it? Bradley had discovered what is called aberration, an effect due to the motion of the Earth. Bradley's telescope was pointed directly up at the zenith, where Gamma-Draconis was located at his latitude. Consider an analogy between his telescope and an umbrella: Have you ever angled an umbrella forward when walking in the rain to keep dry, lest the rain seem to fall toward your face instead of straight down? Similarly, just as we might walk through the rain, so the Earth moves through space, and the light coming straight down into Bradley's telescope from above seemed to fall toward his face, just as the rain would get one wet unless one were standing still. Aberration means that a star is not where it may appear to be in a telescope, due to the motion of the Earth which displaces the beam of light as it passes through the telescope--because the telescope is not stationary, but moving with the Earth at great speed just like someone carrying an umbrella slanted forward in the rain.

Draco's most famous star is Alpha-Draconis, or Thuban, although it is only the 8th brightest star in Draco. Thuban was closest to the north celestial pole in 2830 BC, not long before the Egyptian pyramids were constructed (instead of Polaris; see precession). Magnitude: 3.6, much fainter than Eltanin, although it has been known to vary. Distance: 230 LY.

Two stars of Draco are very near: Chi-Draconis is only 25 LY away; Alrakis (Sigma-Draconis) is only 18.5 LY. It's a good thing Alrakis is near; it is only about a third as bright as the Sun.

Table of 25 Brightest Stars.
What is apparent stellar magnitude?

Discussed in these Shows

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